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Table 1 Clinical indices of the adequacy of tissue/organ perfusion

From: Hemodynamic parameters to guide fluid therapy

   • Mean arterial pressure
Cerebral and abdominal perfusion pressures
   • Urine output
   • Mentation
   • Capillary refill
   • Skin perfusion/mottling
   • Cold extremities (and cold knees)
   • Blood lactate
   • Arterial pH, BE, and HCO3
   • Mixed venous oxygen saturation SmvO2 (or ScvO2)
   • Mixed venous pCO2
   • Tissue pCO2
   • Skeletal muscle tissue oxygenation (StO2)