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Table 1 Neurologic complications of IE and outcome in nine series

From: Management of neurological complications of infective endocarditis in ICU patients

Author, yr
(reference)
Setting, country
No. of IE Patients with CNS complications, n (%) Embolic events, n, (%) Overall mortality (%) Mortality of patients with CNS complications (%) Cardiac surgery in patients with CNS complications, n (%)
Salgado, 1989
[47]
175 64 (36.5) 27 (42) 13.6 20.6 NR
One institution USA       
Roder, 1997
[40]
260 91 (35)   56 74 81 (89)
63 hospitals, Denmark       
Heiro, 2000
[3]
218 55 (25) 23 (42) 14 24 15 (27)
One institution Finland       
Anderson, 2003
[16]
707 68 (9.6) 49 (72) NR 52 (1-yr) 13 (19)
One referral center USA       
Mourvillier, 2004
[7]
228 84 (37) 31 (37) 45 (in-hospital) 57 104 (46)
2 referral centers       
France       
Ruttmann, 2006
[30]
214 65 (30) 61 (94) 21 17 (median follow-up: 5.9 yr) 65 (100)
Cardiac surgery       
Austria       
Corral, 2007
[42]
550 71 (13) 42 (60) 11 34 26 (41)
One institution       
Spain       
Thuny, 2007
[8]
496 109 (22) 80 (73) 16 (6-mo) 22 (6-mo) 63 (58)
2 referral centers     19 (1-yr) 25 (1-yr)  
France     31 (5-yr) 38 (5-yr)  
Sonneville, 2011
[13]
198 108 (55) 79 (73) 57 (3-mo) 58 (3-mo) 53 (49)
23 ICUs       
France       
  1. NR, not reported.