Skip to main content

Table 1 Reasons for admission to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)

From: The critically-ill pediatric hemato-oncology patient: epidemiology, management, and strategy of transfer to the pediatric intensive care unit

  Pediatric hemato-oncology patients without HSCT Children post- HSCT
Postoperative care (% of PICU admission) 72% [11] 4–16% [18, 19]
Medical reasona   
Respiratory failure 26–58% [10, 15, 17, 20] 33–88% [19, 2123]
Airway compressionb (% of respiratory failure) 0–48% [10, 17, 20] 0% [19, 2123]
Lung disease (% of respiratory failure) 52–100%c[10, 15, 17, 20] 100%d[19, 2123]
Severe sepsis/septic shock 8–36% [10, 15, 17, 20, 24] 21–36% [18, 19, 21, 23]
Neurological problem 10–31% [10, 15, 17, 20, 24] 3–20% [18, 19, 21, 25]
Renal dysfunction 5–15% [10, 15, 20] 5–8% [21, 22, 25]
Tumor lysis syndrome 5–8% [10, 15]  
  1. HSCT = hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  2. aPercentages indicate the proportion of medical admissions only; bairway compression by a tumor or by a mediastinal mass; cmainly due to infection; dpossible etiologies are infectious pneumonia, idiopathic pneumonia, bronchiolitis obliterans, pulmonary hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, or GVHD.