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Table 2 Mortality of children with cancer placed on ECMO and comparison with patients without cancer (from[53])

From: The critically-ill pediatric hemato-oncology patient: epidemiology, management, and strategy of transfer to the pediatric intensive care unit

  Cancer patients Noncancer patients p value
All ECMO    
ECMO mortality 58% (62/107)   
Hospital mortality 65% (70/107)   
Pulmonary ECMO    
ECMO mortality 58% (50/86) 35% <0.0001
Hospital mortality 64% (55/86) 44% <0.0002
Cardiac ECMO    
ECMO mortality 57% (8/14) 39% 0.17
Hospital mortality 71% (10/14) 55% 0.22
  1. ECMO = extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
  2. aIncludes 86 pulmonary ECMO, 14 cardiac ECMO, and 7 ECMO for cardiopulmonary resuscitation.