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Table 2 Changes in pain and discomfort (PAD) evaluation and management and other parameters of NICU hospitalization, before (Control) and after (Intervention) inclusion of the PAD module

From: Implementation of a neonatal pain management module in the computerized physician order entry system

  Control Intervention  
  n = 53 n = 69 p
Infants whose pain was assessed daily, n (%) 34 (64) 61 (88) 0.002
Number of assessments prescribed daily 1 (2) 3 (2) <0.01
Number of assessments performed daily 1 (1) 3 (1) <0.01
COMFORT score    
-Number of scores 813 1380  
-Mean value 20 (3) 19 (3) 0.07
-Scores outside the target range, n (%) 182 (22) 310 (22) 0.96
Absence of drug adaptation by the nurse
-For scores outside the target range, n (%) 119 (15) 145 (10) <0.01
-For scores >24, n (%) 11 (2) 6 (0.5) 0.04
-For scores <18, n (%) 108 (13) 139 (9.5) 0.03
Nosocomial infection, n (%) 13 (25) 20 (29) 0.61
Length of invasive ventilation, days 7 (9) 8 (11) 0.59
Length of stay in the NICU, days 23 (17) 20 (20) 0.38
  1. Data are means (SD) or numbers (n) and percentages.