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Table 3 Comparison of functional autonomy before and after ICU admission in the 30 survivors at phone interview according to the activities of the Katz's Activities of Daily Living (ADL) [30]

From: Results of noninvasive ventilation in very old patients

  Before ICU After ICU p value
Bathing, n (%)    0.052
Independent 21 (70) 14 (47)  
Partly dependent 8 (27) 9 (30)  
Dependent 1 (3) 7 (23)  
Dressing, n (%)    0.064
Independent 23 (77) 17 (57)  
Partly dependent 6 (20) 6 (20)  
Dependent 1 (3) 7 (23)  
Toileting, n (%)    0.516
Independent 26 (87) 22 (73)  
Partly dependent 2 (7) 3 (10)  
Dependent 2 (7) 5 (17)  
Transfer, n (%)    0.148
Independent 25 (83) 18 (60)  
Partly dependent 3 (10) 7 (23)  
Dependent 2 (7) 5 (17)  
Continence, n (%)    0.657
Independent 22 (73) 20 (67)  
Partly dependent 2 (7) 1 (3)  
Dependent 6 (20) 9 (30)  
Feeding, n (%)    0.299
Independent 27 (90) 22 (73)  
Partly dependent 2 (7) 4 (13)  
Dependent 1 (3) 4 (13)  
  1. ICU, intensive care unit.