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Table 1 Most frequent target organs damaged during acute hypertensive crises

From: Control of hypertension in the critically ill: a pathophysiological approach

Organ system Example of Injury
Cardiovascular Acute coronary syndromes
Heart failure and pulmonary edema
Aortic dissection
Central nervous system Stroke or transient ischemic attack
Acute encephalopathy/cerebral edema
Retinal hemorrhage
Renal Acute renal failure