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Table 3 Sources of discomfort as evaluated by caregivers

From: How caregivers view patient comfort and what they do to improve it: a French survey

Paramedics (n = 606) Physicians (n = 309)
1. Anxiety 7.5 ± 1.9 1. Sleep disturbance 8 ± 1.6*
2. Feeling of restraint 7.3 ± 2.1 2. Anxiety 7.7 ± 1.8
3. Noise 7 ± 2 3. Noise 7.4 ± 1.8
4. Sleep disturbance 7 ± 1.9 4. Feeling of restraint 7.4 ± 2.1
5. Feeling of dependence 6.4 ± 2.2 5. Pain 7.2 ± 2.6*
6. Pain 6.3 ± 2.6 6. Lack of space and time references 6.8 ± 2 *
7. Lack of space and time references 6.2 ±2.1 7. Thirst 6.7 ± 2.4*
8. Thirst 6.1 ± 2.2 8. Lack of information 6.6 ± 2.2*
9. Missing loved ones 5.8 ± 2.2 9. Feeling of dependence 6.5 ± 2.1
10. Lack of information 5.7 ± 2.4 10. Light at night 6.5 ± 2.1*
11. Light at night 5.6 ± 2.3 11. Missing loved ones 6.2 ± 2.1
12. Lack of moral support 5.6 ± 2.3 12. Lack of privacy 6.2 ± 2.2*
13. Lack of privacy 5.4 ± 2.4 1. Lack of moral support 6.1 ± 2.2*
  1. Discomfort sources were evaluated by caregivers on a sliding scale, from 0 (not responsible for discomfort) to 10 (responsible for major discomfort). Results are presented in decreasing order for paramedics (left column) and physicians (right column). Data are provided as mean ± SD. *p < 0.001 vs. same source for paramedics; p < 0.05 vs. same source for paramedics.