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Table 1 Original questionnaire used to inform all authors about uniform requirements

From: How is intensive care reimbursed? A review of eight European countries

Health system – key facts - Principal mode of financing (e.g., tax-based, insurance-based)
  - Number of patients admitted to hospitals per year (country-wide)
ICUs – key facts - Number of patients admitted to ICUs per year (country-wide)
  - Number of ICUs (country-wide)
Reimbursement scheme Please describe in detail, how ICU costs are being measured and how the reimbursement is being calculated; please refer to the clinical routine, as used in daily work:
  - Necessary documentation (is there extra documentation for budgeting purposes, or is the standard clinical documentation used?)
  - Coding (e.g., in a DRG-based system, where reimbursement is linked to diagnosis)
  - Are there differences concerning reimbursement of surgical vs. medical intensive care unit patients
  - Are there differences concerning reimbursement schemes for teaching hospitals and non-teaching hospitals (teaching refers to the education of physicians)
  - Possible modifiers (e.g., when a patient has to receive expensive medication, develops complications etc.)
  - What are, in your opinion, the most important advantages and disadvantages of your reimbursement scheme
  - Personal opinion: please explain, if you perceive a major imbalance between costs and reimbursement, i.e., if the reimbursement scheme does not adequately reflect the necessary clinical care
References Please give references for the statements made; please feel free to include additional study results into the personal opinion part (e.g., a study conducted in your country validating your opinion or adding a crucial point)