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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the 31 critically ill patients by neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) protocol

From: Acute microcirculatory effects of medium frequency versus high frequency neuromuscular electrical stimulation in critically ill patients - a pilot study

  HF protocol MF Protocol
(n = 17) (n = 14)
Age (years) 57 ± 12 63 ± 12
Sex 15♂/2♀ 11♂/3♀
SOFA score at admission 7 ± 3 7 ± 4
APACHE II score at admission 21 ± 7 18 ± 8
SOFA score at NMES session 7 ± 2 7 ± 3
APACHE II score at NMES session 16 ± 7 19 ± 6
Mechanical ventilation   
VC/PS/VM 5/7/5 6/5/3
Sedation (n) 9 11
Admission diagnosis   
Respiratory infection (n) 4 3
Sepsis (n) 3 3
COPD exacerbation (n) 0 1
Head trauma (n) 3 3
Multiple trauma (n) 3 1
Drug overdose (n) 1 0
Intracerebral hemorrhage (n) 2 2
Pancreatitis (n) 1 0
Patients with ICUAW (n) 7 5
  1. APACHE II = Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; HF = high frequency; ICUAW = intensive care unit-acquired weakness; MF = medium frequency; PS = pressure support; SOFA = Sequential Organ Failure Assessment; VC = volume control; VM = Venturi mask.