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Table 1 The effect of pharmacological agents on sleep

From: Sleeping on a problem: the impact of sleep disturbance on intensive care patients - a clinical review

Pharmacological agent TST SWS REM
Propofol
Lorazepam
Alprazolam
Diazepam
Haloperidol
Morphine
Fentanyl
Midazolam
Dexmedetomidine
  1. TST, total sleep time; SWS, slow wave sleep; REM, rapid eye movement; ↑, increase; ↓, decrease.