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Table 3 Intubation success, complications, and patient outcomes

From: Failed noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation is associated with an increased risk of intubation-related complications

Characteristic Primary intubation %, ( n= 110) Failed NIPPV %, ( n= 125) p value
Intubation    
  First attempt success 77.3% (85) 69.6% (87) 0.24
  Total attempts (mean/median) 1.25 (1) 1.34 (1) 0.22
Outcomes (median (IQR))    
  Ventilator days 5 (3 to 9) 4 (3 to 10) 0.52
  ICU days 9 (5 to 15) 9 (5 to 16) 0.26
  ICU mortality 35.5% (95% CI 26.4 to 44.5) 29.5% (95% CI 21.5 to 37.7) 0.40
Complications    
  Hypotension 27.3% (30) 32% (40) 0.48
  Desaturation 23.6% (26) 32% (40) 0.19
  Aspiration 1.8% (2) 1.6% (2) 1.0
  >1 complication 10% (11) 12.8% (16) 0.54
  1. NIPPV, noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation; IQR, interquartile range; ICU, intensive care unit.
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