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Table 4 Odds of a composite complication with intubation

From: Failed noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation is associated with an increased risk of intubation-related complications

  Odds of a composite complication of intubation b
  Unadjusted (crude) Adjusted a
Variable Odds ratio 95% CI Odds ratio 95% CI
Failed NIPPV 1.50 0.90 to 2.51 2.20 1.14 to 4.25
Pneumonia or ARDS 2.09 1.23 to 3.55 1.67 0.93 to 2.99
Total attempts     
  1 Reference   Reference  
  2 2.17 1.16 to 4.03 2.35 1.19 to 4.64
  3 3.34 0.63 to 17.72 3.41 0.60 to 19.37
Operator PGY     
  1 Reference   Reference  
  2 1.24 0.45 to 3.44 1.38 0.46 to 4.16
  3 1.3 0.44 to 3.82 1.00 0.31 to 3.19
  4 0.87 0.33 to 2.29 0.74 0.25 to 2.15
  5 1.25 0.46 to 3.38 1.14 0.39 to 3.40
  6 2.6 0.80 to 8.49 2.23 0.62 to 8.05
  Attending 2.6 0.21 to 32.90 3.00 0.22 to 40.53
Propensity score - - 0.09 0.02 to 0.44
  1. aAdjusted for all other variables shown; Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit p value = 0.87; bthe composite complication includes hypotension, desaturation, or aspiration during intubation.
  2. CI, confidence interval; PGY, postgraduate year, NIPPV, noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome.
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