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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population at emergency department presentation

From: Capillary lactate as a tool for the triage nurse among patients with SIRS at emergency department presentation: a preliminary report

Variable n= 176
Age (years) 72 [56 to 82]
Sex male 89 (51)
Temperature 37.3 [36.4 to 38.3]
Glasgow Coma Score 15 [15]
Ventilatory rate (bpm) 25 [22 to 30]
SpO2 (%) 96 [93 to 98]
Heart rate (bpm) 106 [93 to 117]
Systolic arterial pressure (mmHg) 134 [111 to 159]
Systolic arterial pressure <90 mmHg 18 (10)
Mean arterial pressure (mmHg) 92 ([77 to 108])
Diastolic arterial pressure (mmHg) 72 ([61 to 85])
Capillary refilling time (s) 1 ([1])
Presence of mottling 24 (14)
Capillary lactates (mmol.L−1)a 3.3 [2.0 to 5.8]
Length of hospitalization (days) 7 [2-13]
28-day mortality 29 (16)
MEDS score 6 [5-11]
Therapy in the ED after admission  
 Antibiotic therapy 91 (52)
 Volume vascular filling (L) 0.5 [0.5 to 1.5]
 Catecholamine use 9 (5)
 Oxygen flow (L/min) 0 [0 to 3]
 Hospitalization after ED admission 150 (85)
Final diagnosis  
 Pneumonia 63 (36)
 Digestive disease 29 (15)
 Cardiovascular disease 22 (13)
 Neurological disease 15 (9)
 Urinary disease 10 (6)
 Cardiac arrest 2 (1)
 Other diagnosis 35 (20)
  1. Numbers are n (%), median [interquartile range]. aAvailable in 175 out of 176 patients.
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