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Table 1 Potential harm associated with continuous tube feed

From: Feeding critically ill patients the right ‘whey’: thinking outside of the box. A personal view

Organ system Potential adverse effect
Muscle Decreased skeletal muscle synthesis
Endocrine Decreased secretion of GIP, GLP-1, peptide YY and CCK
  Decreased insulin release
  Insulin resistance
  Hyperglycemia
Gastrointestinal Hepatic steatosis
  Hepatic inflammation
  Enlarged non-contractile gall bladder
  Impaired lipid absorption
  Small bowel atrophy
  Impaired small bowel function
  Decreased mesenteric blood flow
Other Multi-organ dysfunction syndrome
  1. GIP glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, GLP-1 glucagon-like peptide-1, CCK cholecystokinin