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Table 2 Baseline data of the 777 WhWd patients

From: Withholding or withdrawal of treatment under French rules: a study performed in 43 intensive care units

  Number Percent 95 % CI
Knaus A 185 24 21.0–27.2
B 224 29 25.9–32.4
C 276 35.8 32.4–39.3
D 87 11.3 9.2–13.8
MD 5   
Mc Cabe 0 315 40.9 37.4–44.4
1 299 38.8 35.3–42.3
2 157 20.4 17.6–23.4
MD 6   
Risk factors
 Hypertension 385 49.6 46.0–53.2
 Tobacco 238 30.7 27.5–34.1
 Diabetes 183 23.6 20.7–26.8
 Dyslipidemia 175 22.6 19.7–25.7
 Alcohol 159 20.5 17.7–23.5
Chronic diseases
 Cardiac 282 36.3 32.9–39.8
 Pulmonary 235 30.2 27.1–33.6
 Neurological 130 16.7 14.2–19.6
 Renal 109 14.0 11.7–16.7
 Vascular 101 13.0 10.8–15.6
 Hepatic 77 9.9 7.9–12.3
 Intestinal 54 6.9 5.3–9.0
Neurological deficit
 Cognition 94 12.1 9.9–14.6
 Swallowing 46 5.9 4.4–7.9
 Hemiplegia 22 2.8 1.8–4.3
 Tetraplegia 11 1.4 0.7–2.6
Malignancies 221 28.4 25.3–31.8
Rare diseases 44 5.7 4.2–7.6
Reason for ICU admission
 Respiratory failure 259 33.3 30.0–36.8
 Shock and MOF 215 27.7 24.6–31.0
 Post-cardiac arrest coma 150 19.3 16.6–22.3
 Stroke 49 6.3 4.7–8.3
 Head trauma 24 3.1 2.0–4.6
 Other 80 10.3 8.3–12.7
  1. WhWd withhold or withdraw treatment, ICU intensive care unit, MOF multiple organ failure, CI confidence interval, MD missing data