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Table 1 The clinical characteristics of the patients in relation to ultrasound chest profiles

From: Sonographic chest B-lines anticipate elevated B-type natriuretic peptide level, irrespective of ejection fraction

  A-profile no (%) B-profile no (%) Total no (%) p
Medical history
 Myocardial infarction 0 (0.0) 37 (72.5) 60.7 (37) <0.0001
 Angina 3 (30.0) 27 (52.9) 30 (49.2) 0.164
 Coronary artery bypass 0 (0.0) 12 (23.5) 12 (19.7) 0.091
Graft
 Atrial fibrillation 0 (0.0) 10 (19.6) 10 (16.4) 0.142
 Hypertension 6 (60.0) 45 (88.2) 51 (83.6) 0.049
 NIDDM 7 (70.0) 45 (88.2) 52 (85.2) 0.99
 IDDM 3 (30.0) 6 (11.8) 9 (14.8) 0.157
 Asthma 2 (20.0) 3 (5.9) 5 (8.2) 0.185
 Obstructive airway disease 4 (40.0) 6 (11.8) 10 (16.4) 0.49
 Chronic renal impairment 1 (10.0) 23 (45.1) 24 (39.3) 0.037
Clinical examination
 Shortness of breath 12 (91) 45 (95.7) 57 (93.4) 0.02
 Elevated jugular venous pressure 2 (14) 33 (70) 35 (57) <0.0001
 Pulmonary rales 4 (28) 29 (61.7) 33 (54) <0.0001
 Wheezing 5 (30) 13 (28) 18 (29.5) 0.85
 S3 gallop 2 (14) 35 (74.4) 37 (60.6) <0.0001
 Hypoxemia 12 (85.7) 43 (89) 55 (90) 0.02
 Chest radiograph findings
 Normal heart size 11 (78.5) 11 (23.4) 22 (36) <0.0001
 Pulmonary venous congestion 2 (14) 43 (89) 45 (73.7) <0.0001
 Interstitial edema 1 (7) 40 (85) 41 (67) <0.0001
 Alveolar edema 1 (7) 40 (85) 41 (67) <0.0001
Heart failure scores
 Framingham scorea > 2 0 (0) 47 (94) 47 (78.3) <0.0001
 NHANES scoresb > 3 0 (0) 48 (96) 48 (80) <0.0001
  1. aTwo major (one point each) or one major and two minor (0.5 point each) criteria
  2. bNational health and nutrition examination survey