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Table 4 Major nephrotoxic agents responsible for AKI in ICUs and in the perioperative period

From: Acute kidney injury in the perioperative period and in intensive care units (excluding renal replacement therapies)

Radiocontrast agents
Aminoglycosides
Amphotericin
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents
β-Lactams (interstitial nephropathies)
Sulfamides
Aciclovir, methotrexate, cisplatin
Cyclosporin, tacrolimus
Angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors (ACE)
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