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Table 2 Available monitoring modalities stratified to unit-leading medical discipline

From: Practice of hemodynamic monitoring and management in German, Austrian, and Swiss intensive care units: the multicenter cross-sectional ICU-CardioMan Study

  Anaesthesia Surgery Cardiac surgery Medical Neurology Interdisciplinary Others
n = 76 (%) n = 12 (%) n = 17 (%) n = 14 (%) n = 4 (%) n = 28 (%) n = 9 (%)
Invasive pressure monitoring
Invasive pressure monitoring 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Automated PPV 39.5 41.7 41.2 42.9 50 35.7 22.2
Semi-invasive extended monitoring
Finger plethysmography 7.9 8.3 5.9 7.1 25 7.1 0
Bioimpedance 1.3 0 0 0 0 3.6 0
Esophageal Doppler 10.5 8.3 5.9 7.1 0 17.9 11.1
Echocardiography
Transthoracic 96.1 91.7 100 100 75 92.9 88.9
Transesophageal 90.8 58.3 94.1 100 50 75 88.9
Semi-invasive extended monitoring
Autocalibrated pulse contour analysis 51.3 25 43.8 35.7 0 21.4 55.6
Continuous ScvO2 28.9 33.3 37.5 35.7 0 25 55.6
Invasive extended hemodynamic monitoring
Transpulmonary thermodilution 96.1 75 81.3 92.9 75 82.1 88.9
Transpulmonary lithium dilution 6.6 0 0 7.1 0 3.6 0
Pulmonary artery thermodilution 80.3 58.3 100 92.9 25 53.6 77.8