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Table 3 Characteristics of the subgroup of patients admitted for acute respiratory failure

From: Diagnostic and prognostic value of soluble CD14 subtype (Presepsin) for sepsis and community-acquired pneumonia in ICU patients

  ARF
72
NIRF
14 (19.4 %)
Pneumonia
58 (80.5 %)
p value
Sex (male/female) 47/25 9/5 38/20 0.41
Age, years (mean ± SD) 61.7 ± 13.3 62.4 ± 13.4 61.6 ± 13.3 0.39
SAPS II, median (IQR) 47 (34–62) 37.5 (24–48) 48 (35–66) 0.01
SOFA, median (IQR) 8 (6–11) 5 (3–7) 9 (7–11) 0.0007
Creatininemia, median (IQR), (μmol/L) 60 (37–101) 86 (67–105) 50 (33–101) 0.22
Positive HAA, n 16 0 16  
hsCRP, median (IQR), (mg/L) 106 (51–245) 36 (23–105) 136 (71–270) 0.007
PCT, median (IQR), (ng/mL) 1.05 (0.28–8.84) 0.13 (0.09–0.34) 1.8 (0.3–11.4) 0.0006
Presepsin, median (IQR), (pg/mL) 989 (513–1951) 322 (231–534) 1209 (674–2195) <0.0001
ICU LOS, median (IQR), (days) 5 (3–11) 4 (3–7) 6 (3–12) 0.21
ICU mortality, n (%) 15 (21) 1 (7) 14 (24) 0.01
In-hospital mortality, n (%) 18 (25) 2 (14.2) 16 (27.5) 0.04
  1. Comparison between patients with infectious (pneumonia) and non-infectious respiratory failure (NIRF) at admission to ICU
  2. ARF acute respiratory failure, SAPS simplified acute physiology score, SOFA sequential organ failure assessment score, hsCRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, PCT procalcitonin, LOS length of stay
  3. p: differences between infectious and non-infectious respiratory failure patients