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Table 2 Site of infection and causative organisms in infected patients

From: Transfusion of platelets, but not of red blood cells, is independently associated with nosocomial infections in the critically ill

  n = 476
No. (%)
Infection site
 Respiratory tract (HAP, VAP, empyema) 242 (42.0)
 Intra-abdominal (peritonitis, biliary tract infection, abscess) 42 (8.8)
 Cardiovascular (BSI, endocarditis, mediastinitis) 88 (18.5)
 Soft tissue (erysipelas, phlebitis, abscess, decubitus infection) 12 (2.5)
 Post-operative wound (superficial, deep) 11 (2.3)
 Renal/urinary tract (urosepsis, upper urinary tract infection) 9 (1.9)
 Central nervous system (brain abscess, meningitis) 44 (9.2)
 Others (bones/joints, reproductive system, oral infections) 14 (2.9)
 Unknown 10 (2.1)
Microorganisms
 Gram-positive 148 (31.0)
  Staphylococcus aureus 38 (8.0)
  Staphylococcus epidermis 26 (5.5)
  Streptococcus species 10 (2.1)
  Enterococcus species 65 (13.7)
  Other 9 (1.9)
 Gram-negative 139 (28.6)
  Enterobacteriaceae species 68 (14.3)
  Haemophilus influenza 18 (3.8)
  Pseudomonas species 40 (8.4)
  Other 13 (2.7)
 Other 10 (2.1)
  Anaerobes 6 (1.3)
  Unknown 173 (36.3)
  1. HAP hospital-acquired pneumonia, VAP ventilator-acquired pneumonia, IAI intra-abdominal infection, BSI blood stream infection