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Table 1 Results of the survey in the overall population (n = 190)

From: Practice of ultrasound-guided central venous catheter technique by the French intensivists: a survey from the BoReal study group

Age (years)  
 <30 29 % (n = 55)
 30–39 37 % (n = 71)
 40–49 15 % (n = 29)
 50–60 15 % (n = 28)
 >60 4 % (n = 7)
Main practice (MR)  
 ICU only 84 % (n = 159)
 OR and ICU 15 % (n = 28)
 ER and ICU 2 % (n = 3)
Practice setting (MR)  
 Community hospital 47 % (n = 89)
 University hospital 59 % (n = 112)
Experience in CVC placement (years)  
 <1 15 % (n = 28)
 1–5 27 % (n = 51)
 6–10 22 % (n = 42)
 >10 36 % (n = 69)
Number of CVCs placed during the last 12 months  
 <10 (<1/month) 13 % (n = 25)
 10–24 (1–2/month) 34 % (n = 65)
 25–50 (1 per week) 33 % (n = 62)
 >50 (>1/week) 20 % (n = 38)
Preferred site of CVC placement  
 Jugular > femoral > subclavian 55 % (n = 105)
 Jugular > subclavian > femoral 15 % (n = 28)
 Femoral > jugular > subclavian 7 % (n = 13)
 Femoral > subclavian > jugular 2 % (n = 4)
 Subclavian > femoral > jugular 6 % (n = 12)
 Subclavian > jugular > femoral 15 % (n = 28)
Technique learned during residency  
 Landmark 50 % (n = 94)
 Ultrasound 9 % (n = 17)
 Both 41 % (n = 78)
Use of ultrasound for CVC placement  
 Always 18 % (35)
 Almost always 50 % (94)
 Half of the time 17 % (32)
 Almost never 10 % (18)
 Never 6 % (11)
Reasons why you do not use ultrasound (MR)  
 You think you do not need it 36 % (n = 68)
 Not immediately available 33 % (n = 62)
 No equipment 3 % (n = 6)
 You think the procedure is longer with ultrasound 19 % (n = 36)
 Lack of training 11 % (n = 21)
 Other reasons 17 % (n = 33)
Which ultrasound technique do you use?  
 Skin mark 8 % (n = 15)
 Ultrasound guided 71 % (n = 126)
 Both 21 % (n = 37)
Which situations would encourage you to use ultrasound? (MR)  
 Obesity 54 % (n = 102)
 Clotting abnormalities 64 % (n = 122)
 Jugular site 45 % (n = 85)
 Femoral site 19 % (n = 37)
 Subclavian site 9 % (n = 17)
 Anatomic difficulties 52 % (n = 99)
 Missed landmark procedure 43 % (n = 81)
 None 3 % (n = 6)
How many times have you experienced an emergency situation in which ultrasound was not available sufficiently rapidly enough during the last 12 months?  
 0 47 % (n = 89)
 <2 23 % (n = 44)
 2–5 24 % (n = 46)
 6–10 5 % (n = 9)
 >10 1 % (n = 2)
Do you think the landmark procedure should still be taught to residents?  
 Yes 91 % (n = 173)
 No 9 % (n = 17)
  1. CVC central venous catheter, ER emergency room, ICU intensive care unit, MR multiple responses, OR operating room