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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics

From: Low cardiac index and stroke volume on admission are associated with poor outcome in critically ill burn patients: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristics All patients (n = 40) Survivors day 90 (n = 23) Non-survivors day 90 (n = 17) p
Age (years) 48 (34–58) 45 (30–60) 53 (37–69) 0.004
Male, n (%) 26 (65 %) 15 (68 %) 11 (61 %) 0.64
BMI (kg/m2) 28 (25–32) 28 (25–31) 30 (24–36) 0.51
Comorbidities, n (%)
 Hypertension 8 (20 %) 2 (9 %) 6 (33 %) 0.07
 Heart failure 1 (2.5 %) 0 (0 %) 1 (6 %) 0.26
 Diabetes mellitus 2 (5 %) 0 (0 %) 2 (12 %) 0.11
 COPD 2 (5 %) 1 (4.5 %) 1 (6 %) 0.88
 CKD 2 (5 %) 1 (4.5 %) 1 (6 %) 0.26
 Stroke 3 (7.5 %) 1 (4.5 %) 2 (12 %) 0.43
TBSA (%) 41 (29–56) 36 (30–42) 59 (42–76) 0.013
Full-thickness BSA burned (%) 21 (10–14) 20 (10–30) 49 (33–65) 0.016
Inhalation injury, n (%) 16 (40 %) 6 (27 %) 10 (55 %) 0.07
Delay from trauma (h) 3 (2–5) 3 (1–5) 2 (1–3) 0.45
SAPS II 31 (23–50) 26 (10–42) 50 (31–69) 0.004
ABSI 9 (7–11) 8 (7–9) 12 (10–14) 0.008
SOFA score on day 1 3 (1–4) 1 (0–2) 4 (2–6) 0.01
ICU length of stay (days) 34 (18–53) 42 (20–64) 22 (8–36) 0.01
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 34 (90 %) 18 (78 %) 16 (94 %) 0.4
Use of norepinephrine in the first 24 h, n (%) 11 (29 %) 5 (22 %) 6 (35 %) 0.44
Sepsis in the first 7 days, n (%) 22 (55 %) 11 (47 %) 11 (64 %) 0.56
Surgery in the first 24 h, n (%)a 17 (42.5 %) 7 (30 %) 10 (59 %) 0.13
Pre-hospital administered fluid volume (mL/kg/h/%TBSA) 0.15 (0.10–0.23) 0.16 (0.13–0.23) 0.14 (0.06–0.30) 0.48
Administered fluid volume in the first 24 h (mL/kg/%TBSA) 3.7 (2.2–4.8) 3.5 (1.8–4.7) 3.8 (2.6–6.0) 0.57
  1. Data are median (interquartile range 25th–75th percentile), or n (%)
  2. BMI body mass index, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CKD chronic kidney disease, TBSA total body surface area burn, BSA body surface area, SAPS II Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, ABSI Abbreviated Burn Severity Index, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment, ICU intensive care unit
  3. aEscharotomy and/or fasciotomy