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Table 1 Risk factors for CMV disease in critical care setting and their strength of association

From: Cytomegalovirus infection in immunocompetent critically ill adults: literature review

Risk factor Strength of association
Immune compromised Strong association [49]
Age No evidence [8]
Gender Inconsistent data [8]
Mechanical ventilation Strong association [1, 8]
Sepsis Strong association [8, 47]
Corticosteroids use Weak evidence [27]
Blood transfusion Weak association [1, 27, 28]
Disease severity scores No association [1, 24, 2731]
Active malignancy No association [2, 24, 28]
Stress (catecholamines surge) Weak association [25]