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Table 1 Clinical and biological characteristics of the nine patients

From: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pheochromocytoma-induced cardiogenic shock

Characteristic Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5 Case 6 Case 7 Case 8 Case 9
Sex Male Female Female Female Female Female Female Male Female
Age (years) 41 44 36 45 43 51 49 31 37
Medical history          
 Palpitations/headaches/sweating/hypertension Yes Yes Yes      Yes  
 Other    Type 1 neurofibromatosis   Takotsubo     
Blood pressure at admission (mmHg) 160/120 180/108 157/107 130/110 140/100 130/85 141/107 160/100 129/99
Pre-ECMO LVEF (%) 5 20 15 20 30 20 20 30 20
Maximum troponin I (ng/L) 2200 34,000 43,000 15,000 2000 18,000 237 4994 2083
NT pro-BNP at admission (ng/L)    18,363   25,282 6363 18,471   9264
ECMO duration (days) 4 1 6 7 3 3 2 7 4
Urinary metanephrine (N < 340 µg/24 h) ND ND ND ND 1894 7192 8738 2862 2582
Urinary normetanephrine (N < 440 µg/24 h) ND ND ND ND 4973 3650 11,910 11,268 9254
Pheochromocytoma size (mm), side 78 × 75 × 70, right 60 mm, left ND, autopsy 29, left 70, left 103 × 95 × 75, right 57 × 47, right 59 × 38, left 88 × 74×91, left
  1. ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, LVEF left ventricle ejection fraction, N normal value, ND not done