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Table 2 General characteristics, pre-ECMO status, diagnosis and ECMO support data of the patients

From: Transportation of patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a tertiary medical center experience and systematic review of the literature

Characteristic ≥12 years old <12 years old
Patients analyzed
Total N = 682
Mean (CI 95%) Patients analyzed
Total N = 365
Mean (CI 95%)
Age (yo) 627 38 (35–41) 114 3.1 (1.4–4.8)
Male gender (%) 482 61 (45–77) 365 17 (13–21)
Weight (kg) 119 74 (67–82) 37 23.6 (17.6–29.6)
Pre-ECMO status
Time on MV (days) 246 4.6 (3.7–5.5)
pH 242 7.24 (7.19–7.28) 32 7.26 (7.23–7.29)
P/F ratio (mmHg) 373 59 (40–78)
PCO2 (mmHg) 306 71 (63–78)
APACHE II 53 22 (21–23)
SAPS 2 128 46 (40–52)
SAPS 3 10 86 (80–92)
Diagnosis
ARDS (%) 682 30 (26–34) 365 14 (11–18)
Bacterial pneumonia (%) 682 27 (23–31) 365 6 (4–9)
Viral pneumonia (%) 682 22 (19–25) 365 5 (3–7)
Respiratory and right ventricle failure (%) 682 19 (12–26) 365 17 (13–21)
Trauma (%) 682 4 (3–6) 365 0
Aspiration syndromes (%) 682 3 (1–4) 365 1.0 (0.1–2.5)
Meconium aspiration syndrome (%) 682 0 365 19 (15–23)
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (%) 682 0 365 8 (5–11)
Persistent newborn pulmonary hypertension (%) 682 0 365 8 (5–10)
ECMO support and outcome data
ECMO support duration (days) 458 9.8 (8.6–10.9) 7.5
Venovenous configuration (%) 682 62 (59–66) 365 42 (35–50)
Venoarterial configuration (%) 682 16 (13–19) 365 58 (50–65)
ICU LOS (days) 64 22 (15–30)
Hospital LOS (days) 119 32 (25–38)
  1. ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, MV mechanical ventilation, APACHE Acute Physiological and Chronic Health Evaluation score, SAPS Simplified Physiological Score, ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, ICU intensive care unit, LOS length of stay