Skip to main content

Table 3 Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and likelihood ratios of digestive colonization for extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in respiratory sample

From: Relation between presence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in systematic rectal swabs and respiratory tract specimens in ICU patients

Variable Early group (≤5 days) (n = 1557) Late group (>5 days) (n = 941)
Sensitivity (%) [95% CI] 75.6% [73.4–77.7] 75.3% [72.6–78.1]
Specificity (%) [95% CI] 86.8% [85.1–88.5] 71.0% [68.1–73.9]
Positive predictive value (%) [95% CI] 14.5% [12.8–16.3] 34.4% [31.4–37.4]
Negative predictive value (%) [95% CI] 99.2% [98.7–99.6] 93.4% [91.9–95.0]
Positive LR [95% CI] 5.71 [4.63–7.05] 2.60 [2.26–2.99]
Negative LR [95% CI] 0.28 [0.17–0.47] 0.35 [0.26–0.46]
  1. LR likelihood ratio. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive values are expressed as percentage [95% CI]. Likelihood ratios are expressed as absolute value [95% CI]