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Table 1 Patients characteristics

From: Sepsis risk factors in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

  No sepsis (n = 34) Sepsis (n = 28) p value*
Gender (male) 26 (76.5%) 19 (67.9%) 0.57
Gestational age at birth (weeks) 38.8 (2.1) 37.8 (2.2) 0.09
Term of birth
 Preterm (<37 weeks) 4 (11.8%) 6 (21.4%) 0.49
 Term (≥37 weeks) 30 (88.2%) 22 (78.6%) 0.79
  ≥37 and <39 weeks 8 11  
  ≥39 and <42 weeks 22 11  
Birth weight (g) 3092 (633) 3048 (726)  
Gestational age at diagnosis (weeks) 30.0 (7.5) 25.1 (6.3) <0.01
Type
 Left 31 (91.2%) 25 (89.3%) 0.80
 Right 3 (8.8%) 3 (10.7%)  
Best observed/expected LHR (%) 47.2 ± 12.2 37.8 ± 12.5 0.02
Intra-thoracic liver 7 (21.2%)*1 17 (60%) <0.01
Antenatal diagnosis 26 (76.5%) 26 (92.8%) 0.08
FETO 3 (8.8%) 4 (14.3%) 0.49
Antenatal steroids 1 (2.9%) 8 (28.6%) <0.01
Time before surgery (days) 2.26 (1.9) 2.14 (1.0) 0.74
Patch repair 4 (12.5%)*2 13 (46.4%) <0.01
Chest tube 7 (25.9%)*2 4 (12.5%)*1 0.18
Umbilical venous catheter 29 (85.3%) 26 (92.9%) 0.34
Umbilical arterial catheter 4 (11.8%) 3 (10.7%) 0.89
Arterial catheter 2 (5.8%) 5 (17.9%) 0.13
Central venous catheter 17 (50.0%) 26 (92.9%) <0.01
Peripherally inserted central venous catheter 9 (26.5%) 10 (35.7%) 0.43
  1. Values are expressed as number (%), or mean ± SD
  2. *X X number of missing data; LHR lung-to-head ratio; FETO fetal tracheal occlusion
  3. * Univariate analysis