Skip to main content

Table 4 Impact of sepsis on patients’ outcomes

From: Sepsis risk factors in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia

  Sepsis (n = 28) No sepsis (n = 34) p value or OR (95% CI)
Duration of mechanical ventilation (days) 20.5 (15.6) 4.3 (4.0) <0.0001
Duration of HFOV (days) 10.2 (9.9) 1.2 (2.4) <0.0001
Duration of noninvasive ventilation (days) 6.9 (12.3) 1.1 (2.4) <0.01
Time to first day of feeding (days) 6.0 (2.3) 4.8 (2.0) 0.049
Weight at day 5 (g) 3246 (769) 3076 (644) 0.37
Duration of hospitalization (days) 34.6 (35.9) 11.6 (11.6) <0.001
Volemic expansion* 21 (75.0%) 14 (41.1%) 4.2 (1.4–12.8)
Inotrope treatment* 24 (85.7%) 17 (50.0%) 5.9 (1.7–21.0)
NO treatment* 20 (71.4%) 9 (26.4%) 6.9 (2.2–21.2)
PAH* 27 (96.4%) 27 (79.4%) 7.0 (0.8–60.0)
Death* 7 (25.0%) 5 (14.7%) 1.9 (0.6–6.9)
  1. Values are expressed as mean (SD) or * number (percent)
  2. OR odd ratio, HFOV high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, NO nitric oxide, PAH pulmonary arterial hypertension defined as tricuspid regurgitation >3 m/s associated with right ventricle and septal signs of PAH