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Table 1 Patient characteristics over the study period

From: Implementation and evaluation of a paediatric nurse-driven sedation protocol in a paediatric intensive care unit

  Pre-implementation
n = 104
Post-implementation
n = 93
p value
Male, N (%) 61 (59) 57 (61) 0.706
Age at admission (years), mean (SD) 4.9 (5.4) 5.2 (5.3) 0.607
Median [Q1–Q3] 2.2 [0.4–9.6] 3.2 [0.4–9.7]  
Weight at admission (kg), mean (SD) 20.3 (18.9) 20.7 (17.8) 0.660
Reason for admission, N (%)*
 Surgical cause 25 (24) 35 (38) 0.039
 Non-surgical cause 79 (76) 58 (62) 0.131
  Neurology 41 (39) 28 (27)  
  Respiratory 29 (29) 22 (21)  
  Sepsis 9 (9) 8 (8)  
Medical history, N (%) 18 (17) 15 (16) 0.825
 Prematurity <34 weeks 8 (8) 4 (4) 0.267
 Chronic respiratory failure 1 (1) 3 (3) 0.345
 Congenital cardiopathy 5 (5) 6 (6) 0.616
 Chronic cardiac failure 0 (0) 2 (2) 0.212
 Encephalopathy 8 (8) 5 (5) 0.513
PELOD score, mean (SD) 18.8 (11.6) 17.5 (11.6) 0.746
Death, N (%) 18 (17) 13 (14) 0.522
Inotropic drugs, N (%) 75 (72) 67 (72) 0.991
Neuromuscular blockade, N (%) 38 (37) 33 (35) 0.878
Dialysis, N (%) 2 (2) 4 (4) 0.424
Unplanned extubation, N (%) 4 (4) 3 (3) 1.000
  1. * Reason for admission: p = 0.039 is the p value of the difference between surgical and non-surgical admission diagnosis; p = 0.131 is the p value of the difference within the non-surgical admission diagnosis (neurology, respiratory, and sepsis)