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Table 1 Drowning grade derived from Szpilman et al. [2, 13]

From: Seawater drowning-associated pneumonia: a 10-year descriptive cohort in intensive care unit

Grade Initial clinical description
1 Answer to verbal or tactile stimuli with normal pulmonary auscultation but cough
2 Answer to verbal or tactile stimuli with rales in some pulmonary fields
3 Answer to verbal or tactile stimuli with rales in all pulmonary fields without hypotension or shock
4 Answer to verbal or tactile stimuli with rales in all pulmonary fields and hypotension or shock
5 No answer to verbal or tactile stimuli with presence of pulse
6 No answer to verbal or tactile stimuli without presence of pulse and less than one hour of Immersion and no obvious physical evidence of death
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