Skip to main content

Table 3 Patient outcome and complication rate

From: Systematic review and meta-analysis of complications and mortality of veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for refractory acute respiratory distress syndrome

  Number of studies reporting data Average point estimate (CI 95%)
Hospital mortality 12 37.7% (31.8–44.1)
 Mortality due to complications 8 6.9% (4.1–11.2)
 Mortality due to bleeding 7 3.3% (2–5.4)
Medical complications 12 40.2% (25.8–56.5)
 Bleeding 12 29.3% (20.8–39.6)
 Significant bleeding 9 10.4% (5.6–18.7)
 Cannula bleeding 8 9.3% (5.3–15.6)
 ICH 5 5.4% (2.7–10.3)
 Pulmonary bleeding 5 6.4% (3.2–12.4)
 Other bleeding 6 9.3% (4.9–16.9)
 DVT/PE 3 4.6% (2.2–9.2)
 Pneumothorax 3 5.7% (1.1–24.2)
 Cannula infections 3 9.9% (4.2–21.5)
Mechanical complications 4 10.9% (4.7–23.5)
 Oxygenator failure 2 12.8% (7.1–21.7)
 Cannula failure 3 4.5% (2.5–8.1)
  1. ICH intracerebral haemorrhage, DVT/PE deep venous thrombosis/pulmonary embolism