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Table 2 Main patients’ characteristics and outcomes

From: External validation of SAPS 3 and MPM0-III scores in 48,816 patients from 72 Brazilian ICUs

Characteristics  
Patients (n) 48,816
Age (years) 65 (48–79)
 <45 10,354 (21.2%)
 45–64 13,555 (27.8%)
 65–74 8661 (17.7%)
 75–84 9666 (19.8%)
 ≥85 6580 (13.5%)
Gender  
 Female 25,400 (52.0%)
 Male 23,416 (48.0%)
Health insurance coverage  
 Public health insurance 5779 (11.8%)
 Private health insurance 36,821 (75.4%)
 Admission costs paid with patient’s own resources 6216 (13.7%)
Comorbidities  
 Diabetes mellitus 11,037 (22.6%)
 Cancer 9647 (19.8%)
 Chronic renal failure 4469 (9.2%)
 Coronary artery disease 2993 (6.1%)
 Cardiac failure 2468 (5.1%)
 Chronic pulmonary disease 2551 (5.2%)
Charlson Comorbidity Index (points) 1 (0–2)
Characteristics n = 48,816
Functional status before hospital admission  
 Ambulant 36,835 (75.5%)
 Minor assistance 8556 (17.5%)
 Major assistance or bedridden 3425 (7.0%)
Source of ICU admission  
 Emergency department 25,738 (52.7%)
 Operating room 14,979 (30.7%)
 Ward/floor 4212 (8.6%)
 Transfer from other hospitals 1876 (3.8%)
 Other 2011 (4.1%)
Hospital days prior to ICU admission (n) 0 (0–1)
Admission diagnostic category  
 Scheduled surgery 12,825 (26.3%)
 Emergency surgery 2854 (5.8%)
 Cardiovascular** 5511 (11.3%)
 Sepsis** 10,876 (22.3%)
 Neurological** 5588 (11.4%)
 Respiratory** 2542 (5.2%)
 Gastrointestinal** 2263 (4.6%)
 Other medical admissions** 6357 (13.0%)
SAPS 3 (points) 43 (34–53)
SOFA score on Day 1 (points) 1 (0–4)
Support on Day 1  
 Mechanical ventilation 7550 (15.5%)
 Noninvasive ventilation 4875 (10.0%)
 Vasopressors 6158 (12.6%)
 Renal replacement therapy 1578 (3.2%)
ICU LOS (days) 3 (1–5)
Hospital LOS (days) 8 (4–18)
ICU mortality 5385 (11.0%)
Hospital mortality 8031 (16.5%)
Destination at hospital discharge  
 Home 37,683 (77.2%)
 Other hospital 556 (1.1%)
 Hospice/home care 355 (0.7%)
 Other/unknown 2191 (4.5%)
 Died 8031 (16.5%)
  1. Results for continuous variables are reported as mean ± SD and median (IQR)
  2. IQR interquartile range, ICU intensive care unit, SAPS Simplified Acute Physiology Score, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Score, LOS length of stay, SD standard deviation
  3. ** These admission categories refer to medical diagnosis only