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Table 3 Outcomes among patients with sepsis or septic shock in the three study phases: pre-intervention (A), intervention phase I (B) and intervention phase II (C) with adjustment to propensity scores

From: The impact of a multifaceted intervention including sepsis electronic alert system and sepsis response team on the outcomes of patients with sepsis and septic shock

Variable Pre-intervention
A
Intervention phase I
B
Intervention phase II
C
Propensity scores adjusted OR or correlation coefficient* (95% CI, p value)
All patients N = 436 N = 195 N = 699 B vs. A C vs. B C vs. A
Hospital mortality, no. (%) 208 (47.7) 60 (30.8) 118 (16.9) 0.73 (0.48–1.09, 0.13) 0.78 (0.51–1.17, 0.23) 0.71 (0.58–0.85, 0.003)
ICU LOS (days), mean ± SD 13.3 ± 17.4 8.6 ± 8.3 5.1 ± 11.4 −4.49 (−7.39 to −1.59, 0.002)* −1.54 (−3.38 to 0.29, 0.09)* −2.72 (−3.92 to −1.52, <0.0001)*
Mechanical ventilation, no. (%) 265 (60.8) 54 (27.7) 78 (11.2) 0.33 (0.22–0.49, <0.0001) 0.64 (0.41–0.99, 0.05) 0.45 (0.37–0.55, <0.0001)
ICU LOS among survivors (days), mean ± SD 15.9 ± 19.5 11.9 ± 10.4 8.2 ± 13.8 −5.88 (−11.44 to −0.22, 0.04)* −1.05 (−5.22 to 3.10, 0.61)* −3.55 (−6.13 to −0.98, 0.007)*
Hospital LOS (days), mean ± SD 29.3 ± 33.9 25.7 ± 40.9 15.3 ± 23.5 −1.37 (−8.28 to 5.53, 0.70)* −8.42 (−13.29 to −3.54, 0.0007)* −5.35 (−7.76 to −2.94, <0.0001)*
Hospital LOS among survivors (days), mean ± SD 28.1 ± 30.8 24.7 ± 37.7 20.6 ± 28.6 −1.76 (−12.09 to 8.57, 0.73)* −6.22 (−16.9 to 4.48, 0.25)* −3.45 (−7.83 to 0.92, 0.12)*
  1. LOS length of stay, * correlation coefficient (95% CI, p value)