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Table 2 Post-resuscitation care and outcomes

From: Prognostic indicators of survival and survival prediction model following extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients with sudden refractory cardiac arrest

  Total (n = 111) Survivors (n = 21) Non-survivors (n = 90) p value
Initial laboratory data on admission to ED
 Serum hemoglobin, g/dL 13.1 ± 2.6 15.2 ± 2.2 12.6 ± 2.4 <0.001
 Platelets (103/µL) 181.6 ± 85.5 188.6 ± 91.3 180.1 ± 84.6 0.690
 Serum lactatea, mmol/L 12.4 ± 5.3 12.6 ± 4.7 12.4 ± 5.4 0.870
 Arterial pHb 7.04 ± 0.20 7.08 ± 0.23 7.03 ± 0.20 0.309
 Serum bicarbonateb, mmol/L 16.1 ± 6.1 14.3 ± 5.2 16.5 ± 6.2 0.146
 Base excessb, mmol/L −14.6 ± 6.9 −15.3 ± 7.0 −14.4 ± 7.0 0.636
 Blood urea nitrogen, mg/dL 19.6 ± 19.1 16.9 ± 6.6 20.2 ± 20.9 0.493
 Serum creatinine, mg/dL 1.6 ± 2.0 1.3 ± 0.3 1.7 ± 2.2 0.495
 AST (IU/L) 211 ± 551 208 ± 221 211 ± 603 0.982
 ALT (IU/L) 168 ± 509 187 ± 224 163 ± 555 0.847
 Total bilirubin, mg/dL 0.6 ± 0.5 0.6 ± 0.3 0.6 ± 0.5 0.760
 aPTT (sec) 58.5 ± 45.0 52.1 ± 45.5 60.0 ± 45.0 0.484
 PT (INR) 1.63 ± 1.99 1.25 ± 0.46 1.72 ± 2.19 0.340
SAPS II scoreb 92 ± 7 88 ± 6 93 ± 6 0.004
MAP ≥ 60 mmHg, after ECPR 62 (55.9) 19 (90.5) 43 (47.8) <.001
Subsequent intervention after ECPR, n (%)     
 Coronary angiography 89 (80.1) 19 (90.5) 70 (77.8) 0.238
 Percutaneous coronary intervention 59 (53.2) 13 (61.9) 46 (51.1) 0.372
 Therapeutic hypothermia, n (%) 31 (27.9) 9 (42.9) 22 (24.4) 0.09
24-h survival, n (%) 63 (56.8) 21 (100) 42 (46.7) 0.002
Time from arrest to ECPR, min 61 (42–88) 56 (34–66) 67(44–91) 0.042
ECLS duration, h 28 (6–58) 75 (42–124) 19 (4–48) <.001
Hospital length of stay, days 1 (0–6) 30 (15–54) 0 (0–2) <.001
Cerebral performance category     <.001
 1 or 2 17 (15.3) 17 (81.0) 0  
 3 or 4 5 (4.5) 4 (19.0) 1 (1.1)  
 5 (organ donation) 1 (0.9) 0 1 (1.1)  
  1. Continuous variables are presented as mean ± SD or median (interquartile ranges). Categorical variables are presented as the number (%) of subjects
  2. ED, emergency department; ECPR, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation; MAP, mean arterial blood pressure; ECLS, extracorporeal life support
  3. a Measured in 12 survivors and 75 non-survivors
  4. b Measured in 19 survivors and 85 non-survivors