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Table 5 Outcomes of patients treated with ECMO compared to patients managed without ECMO

From: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus

Variable ECMO
(n = 17)
Control
(n = 18)
P value
In-hospital mortality n (%) 11 (64.7%) 18 (100%) 0.020
ICU length of stay (days)a 22.5 [12.5–28.3] 7 [4.3–11.5] 0.001
Hospital length of stay (days) 25 [6.3–56.5] 47 [5–76.5] 0.421
Time to death (days) 32 [1–68] 47 [1-93] 0.422
Cause of death n (%)
 Septic shock/infection 7 (41.2%) 4 (22.2%) 0.401
 Refractory hypoxemia 3 (17.6%) 2 (11.1%) 0.975
 Others (undetermined) 1 (5.9%) 12 (66.7%) 0.042
  1. Data are presented as number (%), mean (SD), or median [minimum–maximum]
  2. aICU intensive care unit