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Table 2 Demographic and medical characteristics of the 108 patients included for analysis

From: The 2014 updated version of the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit compared to the 5th version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and other current methods used by intensivists

Characteristics Median [IQR] or n (%)
Upon ICU admission  
 Age (years) 62 [54–68]
 Sex [n (%)]  
  Male 64 (59%)
  Female 44 (41%)
 Body mass index (kg/m−2) 25 [23–29]
 Type of admission  
  Unplanned surgical (from operating room) [n (%)] 26 (24%)
  Planned surgical (from operating room) [n (%)] 15 (14%)
  Surgical (from ward) [n (%)] 5 (05%)
  Medical [n (%)] 62 (57%)
 SAPS II score 39 [31–49]
 SOFA score 7 [4–9]
 Sepsis at admission [n (%)] 47 (44%)
 Intubation at admission [n (%)] 70 (65%)
Upon study enrollment  
 Time between ICU admission and enrollment (days) 3 [2–5]
 SAPS II score 29 [23–38]
 SOFA score 4 [2–7]
 Vigilance status  
  Median RASS level 0 [0–0]
  RASS level = +2 [n (%)] 2 (2%)
  RASS level = +1 [n (%)] 8 (7%)
  RASS level = 0 [n (%)] 76 (70%)
  RASS level = −1 [n (%)] 13 (12%)
  RASS level = −2 [n (%)] 4 (4%)
  RASS level = −3 [n (%)] 5 (5%)
 Therapeutics  
  Invasive mechanical ventilation [n (%)] 23 (21%)
  Noninvasive mechanical ventilation [n (%)] 8 (07%)
  Vasopressors [n (%)] 18 (17%)
  Sedation (propofol) [n (%)] 12 (11%)
At ICU discharge  
 Total duration of mechanical ventilation (days) 1.6 [0.3–5.5]
 ICU length of stay (days) 6.5 [3.0–12.4]
  1. BMI body mass index, ICU Intensive Care Unit, IQR inter-quartile range, RASS Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale, SAPS II Simplified Acute Physiological Score II, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score
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