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Table 2 Biological features for the diagnosis of acute bowel ischemia

From: Biological scoring system for early prediction of acute bowel ischemia after cardiac surgery: the PALM score

Variables Ischemia group (n = 48) Non-ischemia (n = 96) p value
After cardiovascular surgery
ASAT, IU/L, median (range) 106 (16–1980) 80 (14–1372) 0.30
ALAT, IU/L, median (range) 41 (3–1022) 35 (4–866) 0.69
Lactate, mmol/L, mean ± SD 2.8 ± 2.5 1.6 ± 0.9 0.005
Creatinine clearance, mL/min, mean ± SD 62.3 ± 25.8 80.4 ± 27.3 0.005
Based on diagnosis suspicion
Leukocytes, ×1000/mm3, mean ± SD 15.4 ± 7.6 11.7 ± 9.2 0.02
ASAT, IU/L, median (range) 2610 (27–12,964) 120 (13–4321) < 0.001
ALAT, IU/L, median (range) 1200 (13–4464) 67 (9–2227) < 0.001
Lipase, IU/L, median (range) 74 (4–956) 29 (8–235) 0.006
Amylase, IU/L, median (range) 553 (18–5981) 159 (9–1723) < 0.001
Potassium, mmol/L, mean ± SD 5.8 ± 1.0 4.6 ± 0.7 0.005
Troponin, μg/L, median (range) 20 (0.02–361) 6 (0.01–95.29) 0.01
Myoglobin, μg/L, median (range) 8690 (107–94,187) 953 (50–25,480) 0.001
Creatine kinase, μg/L, median (range) 2402 (16–15,442) 1073 (12–19,197) 0.005
Lactate, mmol/L, mean ± SD 7.7 ± 5.7 3.1 ± 2.8 0.005
Procalcitonin (PCT), μg/L, median (range) 16 (0.45–103.93) 2.5 (0.07–57.15) 0.001
C reactive protein, mg/L, mean ± SD 194.3 ± 104.1 130.8 ± 81.3 0.005