Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics for patients with significant hemorrhage and controls

From: How useful are hemoglobin concentration and its variations to predict significant hemorrhage in the early phase of trauma? A multicentric cohort study

  SH
n = 755
CL
n = 5647
p value
Age (years) 38 [25–55] 33[24–47] < 0.001
Male gender (n, %) 538 (71) 4490 (80) < 0.001
BMI (kg cm−2) 24 [22–27] 24 [22–27] NS
ISS 33 [20–43] 11 [5–20] < 0.001
Blunt (n,  %) 656 (87) 5020 (89) NS
Time from the emergency call to the EMS arrival on trauma scene (min) 10 [6–14] 10 [6–15] NS
Minimal systolic BPprehosp (mm Hg) 80 [60–99] 118 [102–130] < 0.001
Maximal HRprehosp (bpm) 106 [80–126] 90 [80–106] 0.056
Shock indexprehosp 1.2 [0.8–1.5] 0.8 [0.6–0.95] < 0.001
FVprehosp total (ml) 1500 [1000–2000] 500 [500–1000] < 0.001
 FVprehosp crystalloids (ml) 1000 [500–1500] 500 [500–1000] < 0.001
 FVprehosp colloids (ml) 0 [0–500] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
Prehospital care time (min) 80 [60–104] 71 [53–97] < 0.001
HR at admission (bpm) 102 [80–120] 86 [74–100] < 0.001
Systolic BP at admission (mm Hg) 96 [74–117] 129 [114–143] < 0.001
Diastolic BP at admission (mm Hg) 76 [66–87] 56 [42–72] < 0.001
Shock indexhosp 1 [0.75–1.4] 0.7 [0.6–0.8] < 0.001
Lactatehosp (mmol liter−1) 4.3 [3–8] 2.8 [1–3] < 0.001
Platelets (103 mm −3) 171 [117–221] 225 [189–264] < 0.001
Prothrombin time (quick  %) 48 [32–63] 84 [73–93] < 0.001
Fibrinogen (g liter−1) 1.3 [0.9–1.8] 2.4 [2–2.8] < 0.001
Transfusion requirement
RBCs (U) at H1 3 [1–4] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
FFP (U) at H1 0 [0–3] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
PLT (PC) at H1 0 [0–0] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
RBCs (U) at H6 6 [4–8] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
FFP (U) at H6 4 [3–7] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
PLT (PC) at H6 0 [0–1] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
RBCs (U) at H24 7 [4–10] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
FFP (U) at H24 6 [3–9] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
PLT (PC) at H24 1 [0–1] 0 [0–0] < 0.001
IGS II score 52 [37–72] 16 [9–29] < 0.001
ICU mortality (n, %) 275 (37) 364 (7) < 0.001
  1. BMI body mass index, BP arterial blood pressure, CL control, EMS emergency medical service, FFP fresh frozen plasma, FVprehosp prehospital fluid volume, H1 one hour after hospital admission, H6 six hour after trauma, H24 twenty-four hour after trauma, HR heart rate, ISS injury severity score, lactatehosp serum lactate at the admission to hospital, NS nonsignificant, PC platelet concentrates, RBCs red blood cells, SH significant hemorrhage, shock indexprehosp maximal HRprehosp/minimal systolic arterial BPprehosp, shock indexhosp HR at admission/systolic arterial BP at admission, U units