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Table 3 Complications

From: Concurrent initiation of intra-aortic balloon pumping with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation reduced in-hospital mortality in postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock

Complications [n (%)] All (N = 152) ECMO alone (N = 75) Concurrent initiation (N = 49) P value
CRRT 68 (44.7) 37 (49.3) 15 (30.6) 0.039
Neurological complications 29 (19.1) 17 (22.7) 4 (8.2) 0.035
Limb ischemia 25 (16.5) 12 (16.0) 7 (14.3) 0.796
MODS 21 (13.8) 8 (10.7) 6 (12.2) 0.786
Access-site bleeding 15 (9.9) 4 (5.3) 7 (14.3) 0.087
Thrombosis 13 (8.6) 2 (2.7) 9 (18.4) 0.007
Gastrointestinal bleeding 9 (5.9) 3 (4.0) 3 (6.1) 0.590
  1. Complications of patients who had ECMO alone and those who had concurrent initiation of IABP with ECMO were compared. Categorical variables were expressed as percentages and compared by Chi-square test
  2. CRRT continuous renal replacement therapy, MODS multiple organ dysfunction syndrome