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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients at ICU admission

From: Long-term neurocognitive outcome is not worsened by of the use of venovenous ECMO in severe ARDS patients

Characteristics Non-ECMO (n = 18) ECMO (n = 22) p Value
Male sex, n (%) 11 (61) 12 (55) 0.68
Age, years 51 [43–63] 41 [32–56] 0.89
BMI, kg/m2 27 [22–36] 28 [25–31] 0.76
SAPS II score at ICU admission 43 [37–51] 42 [33–53] 0.56
SOFA score at ICU admission 8 [6–12] 8 [7–10] 0.76
McCabe Score at ICU admission ≥ 1, n (%) 4 (22) 5 (23) 0.99
College level education, n (%) 6 (33) 16 (73) 0.013
Full-time work, n (%) 9 (50) 13 (59) 0.57
Coexisting conditions, n (%)
 None 2 (11) 3 (14) 0.99
 Chronic lung disease 5 (28) 6 (27) 0.99
 Chronic cardiac disease 6 (33) 7 (32) 0.92
 Vascular disease 1 (6) 3 (14) 0.61
 Neurologic disease 0 (0) 2 (9) 0.49
 Diabetes mellitus 3 (17) 1 (5) 0.31
 Hypothyroidy 1 (6) 2 (9) 0.99
 Mild psychiatric disease 2 (11) 1 (5) 0.58
 Malignancy 0 (0) 1 (5) 0.99
 Immunocompromized 2 (11) 3 (14) 0.99
 Smoking habit 7 (39) 9 (41) 0.90
 Alcohol abuse 5 (28) 6 (27) 0.99
 Drug addiction 1 (6) 2 (9) 0.99
Primary lung injury, n (%) 0.33
 Bacterial pneumonia 5 (28) 10 (46)  
 Influenza pneumonia 3 (17) 7 (32)  
 Other viral pneumonia 0 (0) 1 (5)  
 Post-operative respiratory failure 4 (22) 3 (14)  
 Aspiration pneumonia 1 (6) 0 (0)  
 Multiple blood transfusion 1 (6) 0 (0)  
 Extrapulmonary sepsis 1 (6) 0 (0)  
 Other or unknown 3 (17) 1 (5)  
Transferred from another hospital, n (%) 10 (56) 17 (77) 0.15
  1. Data are provided as numbers (%) for categorical variables and as medians [25th–75th percentiles] for continuous variables
  2. BMI Body mass index, ICU intensive care unit, ARDS acute respiratory disease syndrome, SAPS II simplified acute physiology score II, SOFA sequential organ failure assessment