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Table 3 Study variables and association with functional outcome (at discharge)

From: Incidence and impact of sepsis on long-term outcomes after subarachnoid hemorrhage: a prospective observational study

  Unfavorable outcome Favorable outcome Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
(Modified Rankin 4–6) N = 69 (Modified Rankin 0–3) N = 80 p value OR (95% CI) p value
Age 57 (45.5–62) 52 (44–58) 0.049 1.04 (1.003–1.08) 0.033
Female gender 51 (73.9%) 58 (72.5%) 0.846   
Infection 42 (60.9%) 14 (17.5%) < 0.0001   
Pneumoniaa 23 (33.3%) 4 (5%) < 0.0001   
SIRS 65 (94.2%) 57 (71.2%) 0.0006   
Sepsis 34 (49.3%) 7 (8.8%) < 0.0001 3.4 (1.16–9.96) 0.026
WFNS 4–5 38 (55.1%) 9 (11.3%) < 0.0001 4.66 (1.69–12.88) 0.003
Modified Fisher 3–4 59 (85.5%) 54 (67.5%) 0.01   
Hydrocephalus 36 (52.2%) 9 (11.3%) < 0.0001 4.55 (1.61–12.85) 0.004
Rebleeding 4 (5.8%) 5 (6.3%) 1   
Vasospasm 34 (49.3%) 21 (26.3%) 0.004   
Post-op deterioration 28 (40.6%) 19 (23.8%) 0.027   
DCI 38 (55.1%) 9 (11.3%) < 0.0001 3.86 (1.39–10.74) 0.01
  1. aBoth ventilator-associated pneumonia and nosocomial pneumonia