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Table 2 Use of opioids and hypnotics during ICU stay

From: Impact of natural light exposure on delirium burden in adult patients receiving invasive mechanical ventilation in the ICU: a prospective study

Variable All (n = 195) Dark (n = 85) Light (n = 110) p
Opioids
 Morphine
  Patients 37 (19) 16 (19) 21 (19) 0.96
  Cumulative dose, mg 528 (294–948) 384 (276–792) 696 (276–1176) 0.61
 Fentanyl
  Patients 159 (82) 68 (80) 91 (83) 0.62
  Cumulative dose, mg 7.2 (3.6–14.4) 9.6 (4.8–16.2) 6 (3.6–13.2) 0.09
Hypnotics
 Midazolam
  Patients 167 (86) 71 (84) 96 (87) 0.46
  Cumulative dose, mg 240 (120–480) 276 (120–480) 216 (120–468) 0.19
 Propofol
  Patients 76 (39) 32 (38) 44 (40) 0.74
  Cumulative dose, mg 4560 (2160–7200) 5760 (2400–8400) 3240 (1800–6000) 0.11
 Dexmedetomidine
  Patients 29 (15) 13 (15) 16 (15) 0.88
  Cumulative dose, mg 2.6 (1.2–3.7) 2.6 (2.3–2.8) 3.1 (1.1–4.3) 0.78
  1. Data are median (interquartile range) or numbers (percentage)
  2. mg milligram