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Table 1 Patient characteristics at baseline

From: How to detect a positive response to a fluid bolus when cardiac output is not measured?

Gender (no. of patients, F/M)204/287
Age (mean ± SD, years)63 ± 13
Cardiac rhythm (no. of patients, %)
 Sinus397 (81)
 Atrial fibrillation88 (18)
 Atrial extrasystoles6 (1)
SAPSII (mean ± SD)63 ± 13
Type of shock (no. of patients,  %)
 Septic347 (71)
 Hypovolemic100 (20)
 Cardiogenic23 (5)
 Vasoplegic (non-septic)21 (4)
Reasons for fluid administration (no of patients, %)a
 Hypotension101 (21)
 Tachycardia201(41)
 Oliguria220 (45)
 Skin mottling54 (11)
 Tissue hypoxia264 (54)
Mechanical ventilation (no. of patients, %)327 (67)
 Tidal volume (mean ± SD, mL/kg of PBW)6.3 (0.8)
ARDS (no. of patients, %)295 (60)
Sedation (no. of patients, %)319 (65)
Lactate (mean ± SD, mmol/L)3.1 (1.2)
Patients receiving NE at baseline (no. of patients, %)346 (71)
 NE dose at baseline (median [25–75% IQ] μg/kg/min0.7 [0.6–1.6]
  1. N = 491
  2. ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome, NE norepinephrine, SAPS II simplified acute physiology score, IQ interquartile
  3. aSeveral reasons might have been present in a patient simultaneously