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Table 2 Modalities of the end-expiratory occlusion test and of fluid

From: The end-expiratory occlusion test for detecting preload responsiveness: a systematic review and meta-analysis

 YearNo. of patientsRespondersNon-respondersFC duration (min)FC volume (mL)Reference defining preload responsivenessCO increase defining responsiveness (%)EEXPO duration (s)
Monnet et al. [8]200934231110500Saline infusion1515
Monnet et al. [18]201239172230500Saline infusion1515
Monnet et al. [11]201254302420500Saline infusion1515
Silva et al. [19]2013341321aaPLR1015
Guinot et al. [12]201442281410500Ringer/ringer lactate infusion1515
Biais et al. [13]201741202110250Saline infusion1030
Myatra et al. [14]2017301614107 mL/kgSaline infusion1515
Yonis et al. [15]201733151815500Saline infusion1515
Jozwiak et al. [16]201730151510500Saline infusion1515
Georges et al. [17]201850282215500Saline infusion1512
Dépret et al. [20]201928141410500Saline infusion1515
Messina et al. [21]201940211910250Ringer lactate infusion1030
Xu et al. [22]2019753639106 mL/kgSaline infusion1520
  1. CO cardiac output, EEXPO end-expiratory occlusion, FC fluid challenge, PLR passive leg raising
  2. aIn this study, a fluid challenge was performed in some patients, but preload responsiveness was defined according to the result of the PLR test, which was performed in all the patients