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Table 4 Predictors of in-hospital mortality

From: Multidisciplinary team approach in acute myocardial infarction patients undergoing veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

 UnivariableMultivariable
OR (95% CI)p valueOR (95% CI)p value
Multidisciplinary ECMO team approach0.43 (0.26–0.72)0.0010.37 (0.20–0.67)0.001
Age, years1.03 (1.01–1.06)0.0031.05 (1.02–1.08)< 0.001
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest2.97 (1.44–6.09)0.0035.15 (2.24–11.85)< 0.001
Successful revascularization0.08 (0.02–0.27)< 0.0010.09 (0.02–0.32)< 0.001
Use of continuous renal replacement therapy2.42 (1.45–4.06)0.0012.85 (1.59–5.12)< 0.001
Use of mechanical ventilator2.78 (1.14–6.76)0.025  
Annual ECMO volume0.96 (0.93–0.99)0.004  
  1. C-statistic of the logistic regression model for in-hospital mortality was 0.795 (95% CI 0.740–0.850)
  2. Entered variables in univariate analysis for evaluating significant relation with the primary outcome included multidisciplinary approach, age, male, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, chronic kidney disease, history of myocardial infarction, history of percutaneous coronary intervention, history of cerebrovascular accident, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, left ventricular ejection fraction, laboratory findings in Table 1, anterior infarction, multivessel disease, percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass graft, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation, insertion of ECMO before revascularization, distal perfusion, use of inotropes or vasopressors, use of intra-aortic balloon pump, use of mechanical ventilation, use of continuous renal replacement therapy, overall complications and annual ECMO volume
  3. CI confidence interval, ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, OR odds ratio