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Table 2 Ten elements that should be theoretically considered for decision to admit or not a patient in ICU

From: Ethical dilemmas due to the Covid-19 pandemic

  Expresses wishes (advanced directives, patient’s healthcare proxy or family)
  Prognostic of acute disease and expected treatment benefits
  Potentially fatal advanced chronic diseases (comorbidities)
  Bad quality of life (before or estimated after the ICU stay)
  Frailty score
Family or proxy
  Witness of patient’s willing
Collegial decision-making procedure (physicians and other healthcare professionals)
External consultant having relevant expertise (general practitioner, referral specialist, intensivist from another unit)
Recording in the patient’s medical file