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Table 1 Characteristics of the patients

From: Patient–ventilator asynchrony in acute brain-injured patients: a prospective observational study

Characteristics N = 100
Male sex n (%) 67 (67)
Age (years) 53 (39–64)
Body mass index (kg/m2) 24.2 (21.3–26.4)
Classification of brain injury, n (%)
 Stroke 44 (44)
 Post-craniotomy for brain tumors 37 (37)
 Traumatic brain injury 19 (19)
Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, n (%) 76 (76)
History of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, n (%) 2 (2)
APACHE II at ICU admission 18 (14–21)
SOFA at inclusion 6 (4–7)
GCS at inclusion 10 (5–11)
PaO2/FiO2 ratio at inclusion (mmHg) 231 (176–308)
Duration of mechanical ventilation before inclusion (hours) 19 (15–22)
Duration of mechanical ventilation after inclusion (days) 7 (5–15)
Length of ICU stay after inclusion (days) 16 (10–27)
Length of hospital stay after inclusion (days) 31 (24–42)
GOS at the end of follow-up 3 (2–3)
All-cause mortality, n (%) 16 (16)
  1. Categorical variables are shown as number (percentage); continuous variables are shown as median (interquartile range)
  2. APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, FiO2 inspired oxygen fraction, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, GOS Glasgow Outcome Scale, ICU Intensive care unit, PaO2 Arterial partial pressure of oxygen, SOFA Sequential Organ Failure Assessment