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Table 3 Outcomes for PICU admission and organ dysfunction

From: Characteristics and risk factors associated with critical illness in pediatric COVID-19

  PICU admission
N = 30
No PICU admission
N = 47
p value
Outcome: PICU admission
Age    0.0152
 >  = 12 years 20 (66.67) 18 (38.30)  
 < 12 years 10 (33.33) 29 (61.70)  
Any comorbidity    0.2267
 Yes 17 (56.67) 20 (42.55)  
 No 13 (43.33) 27 (57.45)  
BMI category (N = 45)a    0.7310
 Overweight/obese 7 (35.00) 10 (40.00)  
 Underweight/normal weight 13 (65.00) 15 (60.00)  
Laboratory data    
 Initial CRP (N = 37)    0.0053
  Median (IQR) 54.10 (13.90, 161.90) 9.30 (4.00, 33.10)  
 Initial ferritin (N = 42)    0.8495
  Median (IQR) 446.05 (307.35, 809.35) 525.30 (160.20, 1003.00)  
 Initial WBC (N = 69)    0.1455
  Median (IQR) 7.8 (5.4–17.1) 7.8 (4.9–12.3)  
 Initial platelets    0.0612
  Median (IQR) 231 (182–206) 267 (200–419)  
  Organ dysfunction
N = 14
No organ dysfunction
N = 63
p value
Outcome: organ dysfunction    
Age    0.2166
 >  = 12 years 9 (64.29) 29 (46.03)  
 < 12 years 5 (35.71) 34 (53.97)  
Any comorbidity    0.8719
 Yes 7 (50.00) 30 (47.62)  
 No 7 (50.00) 33 (52.38)  
BMI category (N = 45)1    0.7224
 Overweight/obese 5 (45.45) 12 (35.29)  
 Underweight/normal weight 6 (54.55) 22 (64.71)  
Laboratory data    
 Initial CRPc    0.0011
  Median (IQR) 109.70 (54.25, 218.15) 13.90 (4.50, 46.70)  
 Initial ferritinb    0.2125
  Median (IQR) 454.60 (373.70, 1039.00) 487.10 (178.90, 592.40)  
 Initial WBC (N = 69)    0.0341
  Median (IQR) 15.7 (6.4–18.5) 7.8 (4.8–11.4)  
 Initial platelets    
  Median (IQR) 149 (100–280) 268 (203–392) 0.0025
  1. Organ dysfunction defined as pSOFA >  = 2, No organ dysfunction included floor patients and ICU patients with pSOFA < 2
  2. aPatients < 2 years old excluded (n = 25) and n = 7 missing >  = 2 years old
  3. bFerritin collected for 42 patients
  4. cCRP collected for 37 patients
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