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Table 6 Possible catheter-related complications according to insertion site (all catheters)

From: Vascular access for renal replacement therapy among 459 critically ill patients: a pragmatic analysis of the randomized AKIKI trial

  Femoral (n = 319 catheters) Jugular (n = 256 catheters) Sub-clavian (n = 23 catheters) p values (femoral vs jugular)
Infectious complications
Catheter-related bloodstream infections
 Numbera 6 (1.9%) 7 (2.7%) 0 0.58
 Incidence rate (%)b 2.2% 3.2%  
 Incidence density (‰ catheter-days)c 3.1‰ 4.4‰  
 Bloodstream infections without causea 5 (1.6%) 1 (0.4%) 0 0.23
Mechanical complicationsa
Pneumothorax 0 0 0 1.00
Hemothorax 0 0 0 1.00
Gas embolism 1 (0.3%) 0 0 1.00
Fistula 1 (0.3%) 0 0 1.00
Bleeding requiring transfusion or hemostatic procedurea 2 (0.6%) 2 (0.8%) 0 1.00
Thrombotic complicationsa
Symptomatic deep venous thrombosisa 2 (0.6%) 3 (1.2%) 0 0.66
  1. All complications above are «catheter related» except «bloodstream infections without cause»
  2. P values: Fisher’s exact test for count data. No p value calculated for incidence rate and incidence density because the two samples were not independent. Patients could have a femoral and jugular catheter
  3. aAll percentages are expressed as number of events per number of catheters except for incidence rate and incidence density
  4. bIncidence rate: number of patients contracting an infection per number of patients at risk (272 patients under femoral catheter and 221 patients under jugular catheter)
  5. cIncidence density: number of infection per 1000 catheter-days